The share of renewable energy sources increased by 2.3 times compared to 2019 in the structure of electricity production in the first half of 2020, Ukrenergo reports.
This is due to the intensive commissioning of new renewable energy capacities during the past and in the first half of this year and a decrease in consumption.
As a result, the installed capacity of renewable energy sources has doubled (from 2.9 GW in June 2019 to 5.8 in June 2020).
At the same time, the share of thermal power plants in the structure of production decreased by 5%, while the share of nuclear power plants and other types of generation remained practically unchanged.
The total production in the power system decreased by 8%, and consumption (net) by almost 5% compared to the first half of 2019.
It is noted that two key reasons for the decline in production and consumption of electricity in 2020 are the warm winter and the introduction in March of quarantine in Ukraine and in the world related to the COVID-19 pandemic, which also affected the export of electricity.
In particular, the decrease in electricity production occurred most of all in nuclear power plants (-7.7%), thermal power plants (-24%) and hydroelectric power plants (-26.3%).
Electricity consumption in Ukraine decreased by 4.8% to 58.6 billion kWh (net, excluding losses in power grids) in the first half of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019.
A decrease in electricity consumption took place in the transport group (-17.7%), municipal household consumers – by 11.7%, other non-industrial consumers – by 6.8%. The industry reduced consumption by 5.9%, most of all – fuel (-7.7%), metallurgy (-7.5%) and machine-building (-19.6%). An increase in electricity consumption was recorded only among the population (+ 2.3%) and in the chemical and petrochemical industries (+ 17.3%).
Electricity imports decreased 30 times from 560 million kWh to 18.9 million kWh in the first half of 2020. Electricity exports from January to March 2020 increased monthly by about 5%. However, already in April, the volume of exports dropped sharply and by the end of the first half of the year decreased by 6.8 times.
The main reasons for the reduction in exports/imports of electricity since March 2020 were a decrease in demand in neighboring countries through quarantine, as well as the need to restrict imports to Ukraine due to a decrease in domestic consumption and to ensure the operational security of the power system.
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