Ученые из канадского Университета Калгари обнаружили в Арктике бактерии, которые могут разлагать разливы нефти, мазута и дизельного топлива, передает Hromadske.
Scientists from the Canadian University of Calgary have discovered bacteria in the Arctic that can decompose oil, fuel oil and diesel fuel spills, Hromadske reports.
Scientists have found that some bacteria on the Labrador Peninsula are able to process hydrocarbons in just a few weeks, and still exist in highly polluted waters.
While studying the properties of these bacteria, scientists noticed that the decomposition of hydrocarbons can be accelerated by adding compounds of nitrogen and phosphorus. In addition, the tests were carried out as close as possible to the Arctic temperature - 4 ° C.
However, there are less pleasant conclusions from this study: the rate of decomposition of hydrocarbons significantly decreased when the concentration of oil or diesel fuel in water approached 1%.
While scientists are in no hurry to recommend the use of these bacteria during oil spills, their properties still need to be studied.
The problem of oil spills has become more and more urgent in recent decades since it takes several months to several years to clean up reservoirs after them. In addition, such environmental disasters severely harm local marine animals and plants.
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