The Ministry of Energy of Ukraine, the Government of Germany, and international partners will implement pilot projects for the transformation of coal mono-cities. The projects will be carried out jointly with the international agency GiZ.
The first two pilot projects will include the transformation of two coal mono-cities – in the west and the east of Ukraine.
A profound analysis of economic, environmental, and socio-political factors will be carried out to choose the mines.
The selection will take place according to the following criteria:
- economic consequences;
- social consequences;
- environmental consequences;
- local political situation;
- opportunities for the formation of clusters (technological, tourist)
- condition of the mine.
The assessment will allow foreseeing potential problems and measures to minimize them when preparing pilot projects. Considerable attention will be paid to the socio-economic realities of the region where the mine is located.
The ministry has offered the German side six mines for pilot projects – three mines in the east and three in the west; these are state-owned mines prepared for liquidation.
Each of the proposed mines is unique; the process of their transformation will require significant efforts. The goal of all pilot projects will be not only to solve the problems of a specific area but also to create experiences that are easily shared.
All pilot projects will be implemented according to the principle of cluster formation: technological, tourism, innovative, and others.
Currently, among the potential first pilot projects, two mines from the proposed list are being considered, namely:
Velykomostovska, which is located in the west of the country, in the city of Chervonohrad and has the potential to become a powerful tourist cluster;
5/6, which is located in the east, in Myrnohrad and has the potential of a technological cluster.
Recall that the World Bank, together with the European Commission, will facilitate the exchange of knowledge and experience between the coal regions of Ukraine and Poland.