The Concept of the “green” energy transition of Ukraine -2050: main points

The Ministry of Energy and Environmental Protection presented the Concept of “green” energy transition of Ukraine by 2050. According to Minister Oleksiy Orzhel, this document is a model. It will be further developed in collaboration with experts, lawmakers and the public. And it will change over time.

Deputy Minister Serhiy Maslychenko announced the main goals that the Concept proposes.

Deputy Minister Serhiy Maslychenko announced the main goals that the Concept proposes.

The “green” energy transition will allow achieving the following main goals:

  1. Ukraine is energy self-sufficient and resistant to safety challenges;
  2. In Ukraine, energy production and consumption is sustainable;
  3. Ukraine is a country with a climate-neutral economy until 2070.

The main directions of decarbonization of the economy are: energy efficiency and energy saving; renewable energy sources; waste management; innovative agriculture and forestry; digitalization of economic processes.

Decarbonization of energy sector should be ensured by a change in the structure of the Ukrainian economy for a gradual “green” transition and a decrease in the share of extractive industries in the economy and export.

In the electric power industry, parallel processes of modernization, reduction of GHG emissions and gradual reduction of coal generation through social acceptability should take place.

In the heat supply sector, it is advisable to expand the use of highly efficient co-generation and tri-generation. New cogeneration plants for district heating should primarily focus on the use of biomass and biogas.

To ensure the “green” energy transition, it is necessary to build modern energy markets with a high degree of openness and competition, which will stimulate players to optimize costs and prices, and consumers to rational energy consumption.

The transition to a climate-neutral economy will be accompanied by large-scale investments and costs in the energy and consumption sectors, aimed at introducing new technologies for the production, transportation and consumption of energy.

For decarbonization and greening of transport it is necessary to carry out the following measures:

  •  to completely re-equip the fleet of vehicles with internal combustion engines on electric, hydrogen vehicles and fuel cell vehicles or others that meet the criteria of sustainability and environmental friendliness;
  •  to optimize the structure of passenger and freight traffic by increasing the share of passenger traffic by public transport, and the share of freight traffic by rail;
  •  to improve the planning of the transport network and public transport routes, to develop the use of ecological transport and micromobility in cities;
  •  to introduce technologies of intermodal freight transport;
  •  to modernize and increase the number of water and river ports;
  •  to introduce energy saving throughout the entire technological chain.

Research and innovation is an important part of the “green” energy transition. The increase in the share of climate research, comprehensive support for innovation, start-ups, pilot projects and the strengthening and deepening of cooperation between science and business are envisaged.

In order to finance the transition of Ukraine to a climate-neutral economy, it is necessary to ensure annual investment attraction at an average of 5% of GDP.

To recap, Minister of Energy and Environmental Protection Oleksiy Orzhel called energy efficiency the main indicator of Ukraine’s transition to “green” energy.

Earlier, the Minister had presented the Ministry's action plan for 2019-2020.

Tags: renewable energy, legislation, electricity, The Minystry of Energy and Coal Mining, Ukraine Green Deal, renewables, hydrogen technologies

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